إمكانية وصول الأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة

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Home » Policies » Policy Brief » Policy Brief on Enhancing Reproductive Health Services for Syrians Living outside Camps in Jordan- Overview

Policy Brief on Enhancing Reproductive Health Services for Syrians Living outside Camps in Jordan- Overview

Executive summary of the policy topic: 

 

Standing at 1.3 million, (13.6% of the total population of Jordan), the number of Syrians in Jordan is a key indicator that impacts the demographic and age structures in Jordan as it seeks to benefit from the demographic window of opportunity in 2030 and achieve a demographic transition whereby the dependency rate is the lowest and the portion of working age population is high and progress on national health indicators is maintained through a lowering the birth rate to 2.1 births per woman in 2030. However, as the Syrian crisis enters its fifth year and the flow of refugees, the majority of whom are women and children, continues to increase exponentially, Jordan is faced by a new challenge that will delay progress towards the demographic window of opportunity, especially that the Syrian refugee crisis is causing an increase in the percentage of women and children and will negatively impact the age structure of the population while birth rates in Jordan are witnessing a slight decrease, which will negatively impact population and development plans and policies in Jordan.

 

Numerous studies indicate that awareness of health issues in general and reproductive and family planning in particular among Syrians in Jordan is low, and that the use of family planning methods among married Syrian women aged (12-49) stands at (49.7%). Married Syrian women of childbearing age residing in Jordan are younger, poorer, less educated and unemployed compared to Jordanian women of childbearing age and, therefore, their knowledge of family planning trends and practices is comparable to that of Jordanian women in poor areas. Moreover, the average age of marriage for Syrian women in Jordan is (19.8) years compared to (21.2) for Jordanian women. This is expected to cause an increase in birth rates among Syrian women. According to Civil Status Department statistics, Syrian births increased by approximately 82.1% from 11623 in 2013 to 21167 in 2015.

 

With 91.5% of Syrians residing outside camps in Jordan, the provision of healthcare services is a significant challenge. Therefore, a number of policies were reviewed and assessed for enhancing reproductive healthcare services provided for Syrians outside camps, increasing the accessibility of these of health centers. These policies were:

  • Develop a comprehensive work plan for enhancing Syrians’ awareness of reproductive health, family planning and the disadvantages of early marriage.
  • Develop a national plan for providing sustainable reproductive health services for Syrians after the end of donor-funded projects.
  • Upgrade reproductive health services offered to Syrians outside camps in Jordan
  • Develop a coordination and networking plan for all providers of reproductive healthcare to Syrians outside camps in Jordan Led by HPC and MOH.

 

All the above policies are essential in order to provide more comprehensive and adequate reproductive health services to Syrians living outside camps, and should, therefore, be adopted. To that end, the following measures should be carried out:

  1. Form a national committee headed jointly by the Higher Population Council and the Ministry of Health and consisting of all governmental and non-governmental local and international agencies that provide reproductive health services to Syrians outside camps in Jordan in addition to experts and specialists. The committee shall be responsible for developing the necessary national plans to raise the awareness the Syrians and ensure the financial sustainability of services.
  2. Develop collective work mechanisms to ensure coordination, networking and teamwork among all providers of reproductive healthcare for Syrians and facilitate awareness-raising, education and counselling activities.
  3. Assess the experience of government and non-government local and international agencies in providing reproductive health services to Syrians outside camps in recent years.
  4. Develop a computerized documentation system for all providers of reproductive healthcare services to Syrians outside camps in Jordan to facilitate studies and ensure that services are continuous and comprehensive.
  5. Adopt a participatory approach to improve the quality and integration of services offered by all governmental, and non-governmental local and international providers of reproductive healthcare services for Syrians outside camps in Jordan.
  6. Incorporate the above measures into the national strategy for reproductive health as inputs into the strategy.

 

Progress to date:  

  •  HPC submitted the policy brief to the minister of planning and international cooperation / Chairman of HPC, and will be later submitted to the prime minister.