إمكانية وصول الأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة

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Home » Policies » Policy Brief » Policy Brief on Empowering the Employment, Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector: Overview

Policy Brief on Empowering the Employment, Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector: Overview

Executive summary of the policy topic: 

Jordan is experiencing a demographic transition towards a youthful age structure, and needs to increase the productivity and competitiveness of youth in domestic, regional and international markets through vocational and technical training and education (TVET) to supply the Jordanian labor market with a qualified and trained workforce.

 

The E-TVET sector is faced by many challenges. At the forefront of these challenges is the negative perception Jordanian society has towards vocational work, the limited financial gains graduates of these programs achieve, and weak private sector participation in supporting technical and vocational training and recruiting graduates.

 

Moreover, the sector is managed by multiple entities and lacks an umbrella that overlooks the Jordanian human resources, leading to weak coordination among the three concerned councils: (Education, Higher Education and E-TVET Councils). Securing employment opportunities for the large influx of human resources from the different national education and training programs is also a challenge especially that the cost of doing so is high and resources are limited.

 

Foreign labor poses another challenge to the sector, entering the Jordanian labor market in large numbers either as a result of a shortage of labor in certain fields or due to the political conditions in the region and, particularly, in the Middle East.

 

The policy brief proposes a number of policies, namely establishing a higher council for human resource development, improving career guidance and counselling, offering vocational and technical education specializations in higher education for graduates of vocational and technical education and enhancing training of trainers program to increase the efficiency of vocational and technical trainers.

 

While all the above policies are essential for enabling the employment, technical and vocational education and training sector, the policy brief concluded that establishing a higher council for human resources should be a first priority. The policy brief explains that the council would be an incubator for the three other policies, and that there is a need nationally for an independent high-level entity to be responsible for formulating HR policies to maintain the autonomy of training and education institutions while developing and implementing efficient accountability systems at the national level to eliminate fragmented policies in this sector, thereby improving coordination as well as quality control and management in educational and training institutions to upgrade the quality of the various levels and forms of education. This issue was tackled in the National Agenda, the National, the Employment, Technical and Vocational Education and Training Strategy for 2011-2013, and the second report on the State of Jordan Population of 2014:an overview of employment, technical and vocational education and training. As can be seen, this policy should be given priority as it addresses all the challenges in the E-TVET sector. The adoption of this policy requires the issuance of a legislation to establish a higher council for human resources chaired by the deputy prime minister and consisting of the following members:

 

  • Minister of Labor
  • Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research
  • Minister of Planning and International Cooperation
  • Minister of Public Sector Development
  • President of Balqa Applied University
  • National Center for Human Resource Development
  • Representative of the Jordanian Armed Forces designated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Chairman of the Jordan Chamber of Industry or Chamber of Trade
  • Two individuals who have interest and experience appointed by the chairman to represent business owners and labor associations.

 

 

Tasks of the Council

  • Formulate and prioritize national HR and employment policies and approve, monitor and evaluate the implementation of the relevant action plans.
  • Set the framework for a consolidated national policy for human resources and approve, monitor and review the relevant action plans.
  • Set national standards for the HR program to ensure alignment with labor market needs and competitiveness
  • Develop frameworks and mechanisms for coordination among various stakeholders.
  • Develop and adopt HR indicators for Jordan on regular basis.
  • Monitor, upgrade and follow up on the uses of the National Human Resources Information System
  • Instruct assessments and other studies on HR and market needs policies and programs.
  •  Review legislation (laws, regulations and instructions) on human resources and submit recommendations, as deemed necessary, to the Cabinet.
  • Enhance cooperation between local institutions concerned with human resources and their Arab, regional and international counterparts.

 

 

Progress to date:  

  •  HPC submitted the policy brief to the Minister of Planning and International Cooperation and will be later submitted to the Prime Minister.