إمكانية وصول الأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة

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Home » Policies » Policy Brief » Child Marriage in Jordan 2017

Child Marriage in Jordan 2017

Executive summary of the policy topic: 

Policy Brief on Child Marriage in Jordan: Overview

The Higher Population Council regards the marriage of underage girls as a violation of the legitimate human rights to education, personal development, free and informed choice of a marriage partner, marriage compatibility and the right to establish proper family relationships. This violation negatively affects the quality of life and reproductive health of girls. It also has negative economic consequences, hinders the ability of families to properly raise their children and build future generations, and poses a threat to the demographics of society and the efforts to benefit from the demographic transition that Jordan is experiencing.

 

  

HPC carried out a study on child marriage in Jordan to serve as the basis for developing this policy brief.  The policy brief consists of several parts; the first part identifies the problem on various levels and shows that in 2015 out of every 10 married women in Jordan two were married as minors, 1 out of every 10 married Jordanian women was married as a minor, and 4 out of every 10 married Syrian women in Jordan were married as minors. The policy brief also reveals that there is an upward trend nationally in the number of child marriages, mainly driven by the number of marriages involving Syrians, and that there has been a recent upward trend in the numbers of marriages involving underage Jordanian females since 2013.

 

The second part of the policy brief overviews the current situation of married underage girls and reveals that these girls are less educated, have the lowest participation in the economy, have limited health coverage and their husbands often lack stable jobs. The third part focuses on the causes of child marriage in Jordan, including the desire to be relieved of the financial burden of providing for girls in the family, repeated failure in school, the desire to be rid of the responsibility of protecting the honor of girls, customs and traditions and social upbringing. Moreover, the Policy Brief highlights the main health, psychological and social implications of child marriage on girls.

 

This policy brief tested seven suggested policies to address this issue and listed them in order of priority as follows:

  • Address the reasons that lead girls to drop out of school and make education compulsory up to the secondary level.
  • Develop and implement a comprehensive awareness plan on child marriage and its negative side effects on individuals, families, children and the society as a whole.
  • Provide financial support as well as family guidance and counselling to families that opt to marry off their daughters due to poverty and poor financial conditions.
  • Abolish the exception in paragraph (b) of clause (10) of the Personal Status Law
  • Enhance remedies and prevention programs and services related to child marriage
  • Develop a national strategy on child marriage.
  • Shift the focus of scientific research towards identifying gaps in interventions aimed at protecting girls, and treat child marriage as a serious matter.

 

   
 

Actions on policy: 

Progress to date:

Progress to date:

Child Marriage in Jordan

The study and policy brief recommended a number of preventative measures and solutions for child marriage and its impact on the Jordanian society. The procedures taken by the Council to adopt and implement the recommendations of the study and the policy brief were:

 

  1. HPC, through the minister of planning and international cooperation, presented the proposed policies and procedures to limit child marriage in Jordan.
  2. The Secretary General of HPC discussed the recommendations of the study with the Services Committee at the Prime Ministry
  3. The Government adopted the recommended policies and procedures and communicated them to all government institutions and departments for implementation. The communicated policies were:

 

First: Short-term recommendations

 

 

Recommendation

Responsible entity

1-

Address the causes of school dropout rates among females, make education compulsory through high school, and enhance the role of families and society in this respect.         

  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Youth
  • CSOs

2-

Develop a comprehensive awareness plan on child marriage and its negative impact on individuals and society. The plan should target all members of society, especially education professionals and community leaders. The aim of the plan is to change attitudes and trends, and reinforce duties of parents, custodians and society in protecting vulnerable girls.

 

 

  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs
  • Ministry of Youth
  • Jordan Radio and Television Corporation
  • Chief Judge Department
  • Higher Population Council
  • Royal Medical Service
  • UNRWA
  • CSOs (Jordan River Foundation, National Council for Family Affairs, Jordanian National Commission for Women, Jordanian National Forum for Women, etc.)
  • National Center for Human rights
  • Media
  • Relevant International organizations in Jordan such as UNICEF, UNFPA.

3-

Develop an awareness program specifically for Sharia judges and preachers to raise their awareness of the impact of child marriage on individuals and society.   

 

  • Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs
  • Ministry of Health
  • Chief Judge Department
  • Higher Population Council

4-

Provide financial assistance to families of girls at risk of child marriage and provide vocational training to the girls to improve their economic situation and means of living.

  • Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs
  • Zakat Fund
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • National Aid Fund
  • Development and Employment Fund
  • Vocational Training Corporation
  • Chief Judge Department
  • CSOs

5-

Develop prevention and treatment programs for females who were married as minors (benefit from reproductive health services, including family planning, necessary information and benefit from expert services and healthcare services).

  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • Ministry of Youth
  • Royal Medical Service
  • UNRWA
  • Private healthcare providers
  • CSOs

6-

Support community advocacy initiatives that target men, especially boys, young men and fathers to change their attitude towards marriage under 18 for both genders and raise their awareness of its negative effects on individuals, families and society.

  • Ministry of Youth
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • CSOs

 

 

Second: Medium-term recommendations

 

Recommendation

Responsible entity

7-

Guarantee the right to education for all underage married and pregnant females through strategies that focus on informal education, literacy programs, or other proposed alternatives and measures.

  • Ministry of Education
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • CSOs

8-

Combat all forms of violence against girls and women, especially sexual violence and sexual assault, through policies and programs that focus on prevention, treatment, counselling and legal protection.

  • Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • Ministry of Youth
  • CSOs
  • Public Security Department/Family Protection Offices
  • Jordanian National Commission for Women
  • National Council for Family Affairs

 

 

Third: Long-term recommendations

 

Recommendation

Responsible entity

9-

Develop a national strategy for combating child marriage

  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Social Development
  • Ministry of Youth
  • Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs
  • Chief Judge Department
  • National Council for Family Affairs
  • Jordanian National Commission for Women
  • CSOs
  • Relevant international organizations in Jordan such as UNICEF, UNFPA

10-

Amend the Personal Status Law No.36 of 2010 to abolish exceptions (i.e., cancel article (b) which provides that “notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) above of this article, the judge may grant permission for marriage in special cases for a female who has completed 15 calendar years of ag….”

  • Chief Judge Department
  • Legislation and Opinion Bureau / Prime Ministry
  • Ministry of Justice

11-

Improve information and monitoring systems by introducing mechanisms for regularly monitoring policies and programs on child marriage to help track progress towards limiting the prevalence of child marriage.

  • Chief Judge Department
  • Department of Statistics
  • Civil Status Department

12-

Conduct more comparative studies on marriage and its impact on Jordanian society

  • Higher Population Council
  • Universities and thinktanks