إمكانية وصول الأشخاص ذوي الإعاقة

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Home » Position Paper Rights of Persons with Disabilities to Reproductive Health Services and Sex Education

Position Paper Rights of Persons with Disabilities to Reproductive Health Services and Sex Education

Source: 
The Higher Population Council
Authors: 
Higher Population Council
Geographic Area: 
Nationall
Year Published: 
2018
Funded By: 
The Higher Population Council
Type of research: 
Qualitative&Quantitative
Objectives: 

Sexual and reproductive health is an integral component of universal health. Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health needs as any other person. The challenges faced by persons with disabilities with respect to sexual and reproductive health are not necessarily due to their disability but rather to the obstacles often created by others. Therefore, improving the sexual and reproductive health services offered to persons with disabilities in Jordan and adopting a rights-based approach informed by the international conventions and agreements which Jordan is committed to is the shared responsibility of national and international organizations as it will support significant progress in human, social and economic development for the whole society and will entail updating national policies and strategies to ensure adherence to this commitment.

Abstract: 

Introduction

The 2015 Population and Housing Census revealed that 11.2% of the total population of Jordanians aged five and above are disabled. 11.7% off the total population of Jordanian males are disabled, while 10.6% of the total population of Jordanian females are disabled[1].  Similar to their non-disabled counterparts, persons with disabilities in the Jordanian society have the same, if not more, sexual and reproductive health rights and needs, as they are more vulnerable to marginalization, abuse, sexual harassment or exploitation, physical, emotional and sexual abuse and other forms of gender-based violence due to disability or social perception.

 

The sex life and reproductive health of disabled persons is often ignored, their right to decide to start a family is often ignored, and, in many cases, they are forced to undergo sterilization and abortion, or coerced to enter into marriage. They also suffer from lack of access to sexual and reproductive health services due to different reasons, including the lack of financial resources, information, and qualified service providers, with the majority of those working in the reproductive health sector are not trained in communicating effectively with persons with disabilities, thus preventing them from taking advantage of the services otherwise available for everyone.

 

The current situation of reproductive health programs for persons with disabilities

The review of the current situation of reproductive health programs for persons with disabilities in 2017[2] revealed that:

All the centers covered by the review (government health centers, private clinics and civil society clinics) offer the same services for all and do not have services designed for persons with disabilities, excluding one private hospital. 63% of the centers covered by the review face difficulties in dealing with persons with disabilities if unaccompanied, 40.9% lack special facilities for persons with disabilities, 18.2% lack qualified and trained staff who can effectively communicate with persons with disabilities, and 4.5% face financial difficulties.

 
Persons with disabilities indicated that financial difficulties are the main difficulties they face when receiving reproductive health services and that they need comprehensive health coverage that attends to all their needs.

  • Lack of service provider awareness of the needs of persons with disabilities was cited and the second biggest challenge, followed by the lack of accessible and appropriate facilities for persons with disabilities.
  • 39% of persons with disabilities, or their families, are not aware of reproductive health services, while 25% of persons with disabilities had not received any reproductive health services.
  • 10% of the centers covered by the review dealt with requests for hysterectomy for girls with disabilities. 11% of services providers indicated that they noticed wrong practices towards persons with disabilities by their families.  Some girls with physical disabilities and parents of persons with intellectual disability noted that they had requested a hysterectomy but their request had been denied by health centers.